Europe is a continent with many different traditions and languages. Security in Europe was one of the main problems after the First World War.
Idealist-liberalist trends which formed by the “14 principles” of the W.Wilson, the president of the US, made that issue more actual. In the relations among the European nations, inclinations avoiding the use of force became a much stronger and it reflected in Kellogg–Briand Pact (also called the Pact of Paris) in 1928. It was a multinational treaty that prohibited the use of war as “an instrument of national policy.” There was also a pan-European plan which considered as a unity of all European nations. But the Great World Crisis of 1929-1933 destroyed all these plans, and Europe became one of the main hotbeds of war. Beginning of the Second World War and its hard results caused to do more strict work in the security and cooperation field. New researches and the plan of French prime-minister R. Schuman was a beginning of new cooperation of European nations. The European Union is a family of democratic European countries, committed to working together for peace and prosperity. The EU, which formed over the years as a result of economical, political, cultural and social cooperation of members, plays an important role in maintaining security not only for its member-states, but for whole Europe.
The security policy of the EU has several directions, such as integration in the core area of Europe; stabilization in neighbor states; and bilateral relations with the major powers (e.g. the US). If we take into account the importance of its policies, it is clear that Union concentrated on its immediate area and neighborhood. Today the EU ensured security in the core area of Europe. Nowadays, Union`s member states are considered the most secure nations. However, they view neighboring states as a source of non-traditional threats, such as terrorism, migration, trafficking and transnational organized crimes. To maintain peace and security in the whole Europe, EU provides a policy – “Europeanization”, which is fulfilling in two steps: stabilization and integration. The conflict prevention and resolution capacities of EU can be divided into 3 subgroups: 1) long-term – addressing root causes of conflict 2) medium-term – early warning and analyzing competences 3) short-term – civilian or military crisis management. The EU`s conflict resolution mechanisms include Council of the EU, the European Commission, the European Parliament and the member states. The individual foreign policy of the member states sometimes become hard to be coordinated by EU, because of their various capabilities and backgrounds.
In a nutshell, the EU, both as an “actor” and as a “framework”, plays a vital role in the security of Europe. Because, EU has no alternative such an organization which depends on tight relations among member states in every field. The EU transformed Europe from the core of war to the most secure and stable region of the world during 60 years.